Due to advances in spinal endoscopy, practitioners are now able to offer efficacious alternatives to open surgery to
patients with low back pain, radiculopathy, and related disorders affecting the epidural space. Epiduroscopy enables
surgeons to access, diagnose, and treat discogenic pain and spinal pathologies using minimally invasive techniques via
direct visualization and focused intervention. Typically performed as a one-day outpatient procedure under local
anesthesia, epiduroscopy provides a viable option to many patients suffering from low back pain.
Starting with the history of this procedure, the authors guide the reader systematically through relevant clinical
indications, radiological anatomy, the pathophysiology of spinal pain, diagnostic modalities, and the use of
specialized tools. Subsequent chapters detail specific conditions and approaches, histopathologic/microbiological
findings, and patient assessment and outcomes.
Clinical pearls gleaned from years of hands-on experience, including preventing and managing complications.
Online access to 46 step-by-step surgical videos and animations provides in-depth understanding of techniques.
Nearly 600 high quality images, including procedural photos and medical illustrations delineate approaches.
The use of epiduroscopy-assisted mechanical adhesiolysis, laser procedures, radiofrequency, analgesic and
pharmacological therapy, ozone therapy, spinal cord stimulation, and more.
This is an essential resource for trainee and practicing physicians in the fields of neurosurgery, orthopaedic surgery,
pain medicine, and interventional medicine.